The brainstem is the area at the base of the brain that connects to the spinal cord. It contains areas responsible for basic functions such as breathing, heart rate, blood pressure and control of the bladder. Many of the processes handled by the brainstem are outside conscious control. The peripheral nerves that maintain processes such as breathing and digestion are referred to as the autonomic nervous system.
The midbrain area of the brainstem controls vision, hearing, body movement and the movement of the eyes.
Symptoms associated with damage to the brainstem
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