Reviewing research articles
When reviewing research articles the following questions should be considered:
- Are the aims clearly stated and are they achieved?
- Does the background make reference to previous research done in the field and, therefore, make justification for this new piece of work to contribute to filling a gap in the literature?
- Is the methodology and analysis rigorous and valid?
- Are the findings ‘generalisable’ to other situations?
- Does the article flow: eg. does it cover introduction, background, results/findings, discussion, summary, recommendations?
- Are areas for further research identified?
Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP)
CASP approaches appraising research in three steps:
- Is the study valid?
- What are the results?
- Are the results useful?